22 June 2024

Canon Photography Training Milnerton, Cape Town

Photography Training / Skills Development Milnerton, Cape Town and Cape Peninsula

Canon Photography Training Cape Town / Cape Peninsula
Fast Shutter Speed / Action Photography Training Woodbridge Island, Cape Town

Vernon Canon Photography Training Cape Town / Cape Peninsula

Private Canon EOS / EOS R Camera and Photography tutoring / training courses in Milnerton, Cape Town - or in the comfort of your home / garden anywhere in the Cape Peninsula.

Tailor-made (individual) learning programmes are prepared for specific Canon EOS / EOS R camera and photography requirements with the following objectives:
  • Individual Needs / Gear analysis
  • Canon EOS camera menus / settings
  • Exposure settings and options
  • Specific genre applications and skills development
  • Practical shooting sessions (where applicable)
  • Adobe Lightroom post-processing training
  • Ongoing support

Canon Camera / Lens Requirements
Any Canon EOS / EOS R body / lens combination is suitable for most of the training sessions. During initial contact I will determine the learner's current skills, Canon EOS system and other learning / photographic requirements. Many Canon PowerShot camera models are also suitable for creative photography skills development.

Butterfly Woodbridge Island Copyright Vernon Chalmers Photography
Small Butterfly Woodbridge Island - Canon EF 100-400mm Lens

Learning Photography from the comfort of your Own Cape Town Home / Garden More Information

Bird / Flower Photography Training Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden More Information
  
Photography Private Training Classes Milnerton, Cape Town
  • Introduction to Photography / Canon Cameras More 
  • Bird / Flower Photography Training Kirstenbosch More
  • Birds in Flight / Bird Photography Training More
  • Canon Speedlite Flash Photography Training More
  • Macro / Close-Up Photography More
  • Landscape / Long Exposure Photography More
  • Real Estate / Interior Decor Photography Training More

Training / demonstrations are done on the client's own Canon EOS bodies attached to various Canon EF / other brand lenses covering wide-angle to zoom focal lengths.

Photography Training Gift Voucher Options
Most photography training sessions are available as Birthday / Christmas Gift training voucher options with a one year validity period. More information

Private Canon Camera / Photography Training Cape Town
Canon EOS System / Menu  Setup and Training Cape Town

2024 Individual Photography Training Session Cost / Rates >>

From R800-00 per four hour session in Milnerton, Cape Town. Practical shooting sessions can be worked into the training. A typical training programme of three training sessions is R2 300-00.

This to be inclusive of up to 12 hours theory / settings training (inclusive: a three hours practical shoot around Woodbridge Island if required).

Canon EOS Cameras / Lenses / Speedlite Flash Training
All Canon EOS cameras from the EOS 1100D to advanced AF training on the Canon EOS 80D to 
Canon EOS-1D X Mark III. All Canon EOS R Cameras. All Canon EF / EF-S / RF / RF-S and other Canon-compatible brand lenses.  All Canon Speedlite flash units from Canon Speedlite 270EX to Canon Speedlite 600EX II-RT (including Macro Ring Lite flash models).

Inaka Island Photography Chalmers Photography
Inaka Island Photography Canon EF 100-400mm f/4,5-6.6L IS II USM Lens

Advanced Canon EOS Autofocus Training (Canon EOS / EOS R)
For advanced Autofocus (AF) training have a look at the Birds in Flight Photography workshop options. Advanced AF training is available from the Canon EOS 7D Mark II / Canon EOS 5D Mark III / Canon EOS 5D Mark IV up to the Canon EOS 1-DX Mark II / III. Most Canon EOS R bodies (i.e. EOS R7, EOS R6, EOS R6 Mark II, EOS R5 and EOS R3) will have similar or more advanced Dual Pixel CMOS AF Systems. Contact me for more information about a specific Canon EOS / EOS R AF System.   

Cape Town Training Schedules / Availability
From Tuesdays - during the day / evening and / or over weekends.


Canon Camera and Photography Training Cape Town
Canon EOS / Close-Up Lens Accessories Training Cape Town

Core Canon Camera / Photography  Learning Areas
  • Overview & Specific Canon Camera / Lens Settings
  • Exposure Settings for M / Av / Tv Modes
  • Autofocus / Manual Focus Options
  • General Photography / Lens Selection / Settings
  • Transition from JPG to RAW (Reasons why)
  • Landscape Photography / Settings / Filters
  • Close-Up / Macro Photography / Settings
  • Real Estate / Interior D├ęcor Photography Settings
  • Speedlite Flash / Flash Modes / Flash Settings
  • Digital Image Management

Practical Photography / Application
  • Inter-relationship of ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
  • Aperture and Depth of Field demonstration
  • Low light / Long Exposure demonstration
  • Landscape sessions / Manual focusing
  • Speedlite Flash application / technique
  • Introduction to Post-Processing

Tailor-made Canon Camera / Photography training to be facilitated on specific requirements after a thorough needs-analysis with individual photographer / or small group.

Typical Learning Areas Agenda
  • General Photography Challenges / Fundamentals 
  • Exposure Overview (ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed) 
  • Canon EOS 70D Menus / Settings (in relation to exposure) 
  • Camera / Lens Settings (in relation to application / genres) 
  • Lens Selection / Technique (in relation to application / genres) 
  • Introduction to Canon Flash / Low Light Photography

Above Learning Areas are facilitated over two sessions or more photography sessions of four hours+ each. Any additional practical photography sessions (if required) will be at an additional pro-rata cost.

Click to Enlarge

Fireworks Display Photography with Canon EOS 6D - Woodbridge Island / Cape Town
Fireworks Display Photography with Canon EOS 6D : Cape Town

Woodbridge Island / Milnerton Lighthouse before sunrise - Canon EOS 6D / 16-35mm Lens
Woodbridge Island : Canon EOS 6D / 16-35mm Lens


White-Breasted Cormorant in flight - Slow Shutter Speed Abstract Cape Town
Creative Photography : Slow Shutter Speed Abstract Application

Private Canon Camera / Photography Training Cape Town
Perched Pied Kingfisher : Canon EOS 7D Mark II / 400mm Lens

Canon Camera and Photography Private Tutoring Cape Town
Long Exposure Photography: Canon EOS 700D / Wide-Angle Lens


Private Canon Camera / Photography Training Cape Town
Birds in Flight : Canon EOS 7D Mark II / 400mm lens


Colourpoint Persian : Canon EOS 6D / 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens - Image Copyright Vernon Chalmers
Persian Portrait : Canon EOS 6D / 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens

Private Canon Camera / Photography Training Cape Town
Fashion Photography Canon Speedlite flash : Canon EOS 6D @ 70mm

Long Exposure Photography with Canon EOS 6D - Woodbridge Island / Cape Town
Long Exposure Photography Canon EOS 6D : Milnerton

Private Canon Camera / Photography Training Cape Town
Close-Up & Macro Photography Cape Town  : Canon EOS 6D

Canon Camera and Photography Private Tutoring Cape Town
Panning / Slow Shutter Speed: Canon EOS 70D 70-300mm Lens

Long Exposure Photography Cape Town Canon EOS 6D Vernon Chalmers Photography
Long Exposure Photography Cape Town Canon EOS 6D @ f/16

21 June 2024

Winter Routine and other Interests as updated by Microsoft

 Vermon Chalmers Winter Routine and other Interests as updated by Microsoft

Vermon Chalmers Winter Routine and other Interests as updated by Microsoft

Photography is a significant part, but there are other personal important areas as well.

"Vernon Chalmers, the creator of the Mental Health and Motivation website, delves into the fascinating intersection of emotional wellbeing, neuropsychology, artificial intelligence (AI), and the sense of self. His work encompasses research, resource sharing, and insights that contribute to our understanding of these critical aspects of human experience.

As someone with a personal interest in education, training, and psychology, Chalmers recognizes contemporary neuroscience as a fundamental physiological requirement for gaining insight into cognitive versus emotional decision-making biases and subsequent behavioral responses.

His journey from analytical education to creative training has been shaped by experiences at Intel Corporation, founding Blu-C, and exploring neuropsychology and photography. If you’d like to explore more, you can visit his Mental Health and Motivation website, where he shares valuable resources and reflections." (Source: Microsoft Copilot 2024)

Global Mental Health Reach
Since August 2021 the Mental Health and Motivation website has evolved into an international resource sharing platform for assisting academia, mental health service providers and interested individuals across the world - currently assisting visitors from more than 126 Countries / 50 US States - with various (academic / personal / family / community / military / employment-related) Mental Health and Motivation resources. More than 35 international mental health care institutions / providers are actively promoting related mental health care services and / or content on the Mental Health and Motivation website. (Source: Mental Health and Motivation).

Global Mental Health Recognition
The website is currently recognised in the 'Top 100 Global Mental Health Website / Blog Index 2024' This accolade was also achieved in 2023 (20th). The website's RSS-feed is in the global 17th position at the moment. 1st position currently is the prominent website, NAMI (USA) - National Alliance for Mental Health. (Source: Feedspot).

Full Source / References>> Mental Health and Motivation

12 June 2024

Sewage Problems at Milnerton Lagoon, Woodbridge Island

Pollution / Sewage / Stench Situation at Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island 2024

Latest Updates of Media Coverage on the Current Water / Sewage Problems in Milnerton

Download PDF Research Reports : Diep River / Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island

Poor / Substandard Wastewater Management : City of Cape Town

Current Pollution / Sewage / Stench situation at Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island
Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island : Copyright Vernon Chalmers

Pollution, Sewage and Stench: Milnerton Lagoon / Diep River / Woodbridge Island
It is still very disappointing to report here on my Vernon Chalmers Photography website that I am as alarmed with the ongoing wastewater pollution, sewage and stench situation around the Milnerton Lagoon / Diep River / Woodbridge Island residential / natural ecosystem environment as everybody else around here (and further afield). 

Declining Bird Species: Diep River, Milnerton Lagoon and Woodbridge Island
As an avid local bird photographer that lives near the Diep River, Milnerton I started observing less and less active bird species between the (then) old wooden bridge at Woodbridge Island, Cape Town - and as far as the daily / weekly hikes went - the Table Bay Nature Reserve, Woodbridge Island (opposite Milnerton High). A definite shift in bird behaviour occurred since 2017 where up to a daily average of 35 - to 40 species could be easily observed on any 'good light' photography morning. Since then the average daily species decreased on some days to less than 70 - 80% of the 2016 / 1017 daily statistics. I even encounter one morning (during 2022) with so little bird activity that I used my mobile phone out of boredom to capture an image of Table Mountain (over the Diep River) - from my usual location where I have photographed an abundance of bird species since 2013. Something I have never done before while out birding.

Please Note: Above Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island image is for geographical location purpose only. This Milnerton Lagoon, Woodbridge Island image was photographed quite a few years ago. 

A sunny morning with no birds along the Diep River / Woodbridge Island >>

I have seen the deteriorating bird life to such an extend that no birds are perched or in-flight for relatively long time periods (20 to 30 minutes) anywhere along the lagoon or river. Generally here are between 20 to 40 different species continuously active on any given sunny morning. Those days are unfortunately (due to the City of Cape Town dragging their feet and / or perhaps incompetence) long gone... 

Sewage Problems at Milnerton Lagoon, Woodbridge Island, Cape Town

"The Milnerton Lagoon and Woodbridge Island area have been experiencing significant sewage problem 1 2 The issues are primarily due to the Potsdam wastewater treatment plant not having the capacity to manage the load from the increasingly populated city1. This has resulted in an overflow of effluent and sewage spills into stormwater drains that eventually end up in the lagoon1.

Residents in the area have been complaining about a stench from the polluted lagoon, which has raised health and safety concerns1. The foul smell is also affecting property values and limiting recreational activities1. The Milnerton Canoe Club is under threat of closure as recreational activities are not permitted in the lagoon1.

In response to these issues, the City of Cape Town is planning a R5 billion upgrade to the Potsdam wastewater treatment plant1. The upgrade will increase the plant’s capacity from treating 47 million litres of wastewater per day to 100 million litres per day1. The project has reached the end of the procurement phase, and mechanical and civil tenders have been awarded1.

However, the upgrade will take a few years, and in the meantime, the City has implemented some short-term measures1. Despite these efforts, residents have reported that the stench at the Milnerton Lagoon has returned due to old pipelines2. There have been approximately 11 collapses on the existing 900 mm diameter fibre cement sewer pipeline on Montague Drive since August 212.

These sewage problems have had a significant impact on the local environment. Two fish die-offs in the Milnerton lagoon last year were caused by rapid algae growth in the sewage-polluted estuary3. The pollution is also causing adverse health symptoms in nearby residents and devastating the previously recovering Diep River/Milnerton Lagoon estuary ecosystem2." (Source: Microsoft Copilot 2024)

"The Milnerton Lagoon is perhaps Cape Town's most polluted waterways with multiple fish die-offs, sewage spills, a persisting stench in the area and health risks affecting residents as a result of the ongoing pollution of the Diep River and lagoon." Daily Maverick

Water / Sewage Management Progress Milnerton Lagoon
Pied kingfisher fishing in the Diep River Milnerton (2016) : Copyright Vernon Chalmers

The pied kingfisher above was photographed a few years ago when the water (and marine life) of the Diep River / Woodbridge Island was still part of a clean and healthy natural ecosystem. 

Current Pollution / Sewage / Stench Situation, Milnerton
During some of my walks from the Woodbridge Island bridges along the Diep River towards the Table Bay Nature Reserve entrance (opposite Milnerton High) and deeper into the reserve I sometimes see less than 10 birds (+- 10 minute hike). I've witnessed this deterioration since early 2018.

Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Woodbridge Island
Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Copyright Vernon Chalmers

Sewage Pollution and Stench in (from) the Diep River, Milnerton
I reside in Arnhem which is directly opposite the Milnerton Lagoon (Woodbridge Island) / Diep River and am just as concerned as all other Milnerton residents / associated stakeholders with regard to the poor wastewater / sewage management of this ongoing (and stinking) problem.

© Vernon Chalmers

Rethink the Stink Website : Responsible Management of Wastewater
Safe, clean water is a basic human right enshrined in our constitution. Taking care of our water resources is a shared responsibility.Visit https://rethinkthestink.co.za

# ReThinkTheStink Facebook Group
Join / Visit the # ReThinkTheStink Facebook Group to learn more about this ongoing pollution and sewage problem in the Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island.

"No measure is in place to contain the spill into the lagoon. A real basic solution that isn't working which is frustrating. Things that could be done don't seem to be treated with the urgency they deserve."- Caroline Marx, Rethink The Stink (March 2024)

The 'Sewage Problems at Milnerton Lagoon, Woodbridge Island' page on my photography website is a small contribution to assist Caroline Marx and her team over at # ReThinkTheStink for the excellent work they are doing to keep the City in check / and demanding better living conditions for all around the estuary et al. They are doing some exceptional activism for substantial ecological change...

Kubeka Construction / Bio-Air System
Kubeka Construction is currently also involved in the Milnerton Lagoon / Diep River Rehabilitation project with their Bio-Air System for assisting with solving the ongoing sewage problems facing our immediate natural and socio-economic environments. Read more

Dr Zahid Badroodien - MMC Water and Sanitation - City of Cape Town Facebook Page

Milnerton Lagoon | Recent fish die-off being investigated

OUTA Project: Cape Town Pollution - Milnerton / Joe Slovo (2020 - 2022)

Residents have been pleading with the City of Cape Town to address the unacceptable pollution of the Milnerton Lagoon and surrounding areas. Their appeals for urgent assistance have not resulted in a solution. (Source OUTA). Read more

Water Stories Cape Town Waste Water

Water Pollution Research (Frontiers in Environmental Science)
Effects of Water Pollution on Human Health and Disease Heterogeneity: A Review

Little Egret flying over Clean Water, Diep River Woodbridge Island, Cape Town
Little Egret flying over Clean Water, Diep River (2018) Copyright Vernon Chalmers

Updated Article / Media Links of the current Milnerton Sewage / Pollution / Stench Situation

2024 Sewage / Pollution Situation : Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island

Knowledge Hub for “contaminants of emerging concern.” Eartnews365

BIO-AIRE – Rehabilitating Polluted Water Vernon Chalmers Photography

Otter Leads the Charge in Vlei upgrade Tabletalk

The Otter Weed Harvester: A Breakthrough in Eco-friendly Water Management Cape Town Today

Bird Photography Woodbridge Island, Cape Town Vernon Chalmers Photography

Vote YES FOR A PLASTIC POLLUTION-FREE FUTURE! WWF

City to spend R5,317bn on massive water and sanitation investments City of Cape Town

Flamingos feeding in the Diep River, Woodbridge Island Vernon Chalmers Photography

Global producer responsibility for Plastic Pollution (Research) Science Advances

Substandard Water Management by the City of Cape Town Vernon Chalmers Photography

Bayside Canal set for R87,5 million upgrade to improve Rietvlei water quality TygerBurger

100 discarded nappies found during a routine beach clean-up at Milnerton Lagoon News24

CoCT on Milnerton Lagoon waste spillage: 'It's a very difficult problem to solve.' EWN

What measures have City of Cape Town put in place to address issues at Milnerton Lagoon? Cape Talk

Milnerton Lagoon: 'No basic measures in place' to contain stink Primedia+

Table View and Milnerton streets of sewage TygerBurger

Table View East Pump Station, The pump station is currently unable to cope with the high volumes of flow running through the system Dr Zahid Badroodien - MMC Water and Sanitation - City of Cape Town

Upcoming Event: Milnerton Lagoon Quarterly Community Meeting (6 March 2024) Water and Sanitation Directive Stakeholder Information

City of Cape Town outlines plans to improve operations at the Koeberg Sewer Pump Station News24

Cape Town’s ocean-bound sewage options unveiled GroundUp

Milnerton fumed with ‘toxic’ air after the collapse of Racecourse Pump Station’s rising main TygerBurger

Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Woodbridge Island
King Gull: A Mouthful to say to the Mayor of Cape Town Copyright Vernon Chalmers

2023 Sewage / Pollution Situation : Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island
Occurrence and Ecotoxicological Effects of Microplastics in the Diep River, Milnerton, Cape Town - Asmat Begum Khan Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree: Master of Environmental Management Cape Peninsula University of Technology PDF Download CPUT

Stench at Milnerton Lagoon returns ‘due to old pipelines’ TygerBurger

It’s Code Red on the Water Quality of Beaches around Cape Town ahead of peak holiday season Daily Maverick

Full Blue and no Drop PDF Report Western Cape Government of South Africa

Six-month aeration trial commences at Diep River and Milnerton Lagoon to combat pollution IOL

'Stench returns' As posted by Caroline Marx # ReThinkTheStink Facebook Group

Milnerton lagoon low water levels a good sign of its restoration IOL

Chronic Water Pollution at Lagoon Beach, Milnerton Woodbridge Island Tabletalk

FNB Beach Clean-up Initiative takes to KZN and WC beaches Two Oceans Aquarium

Construction starts on Phase 2 of City of Cape Town’s Milnerton bulk sewer upgrade project Engineering News

Activists applaud Milnerton Bulk Sewer upgrade TygerBurger

Construction begins to upgrade Potsdam Wastewater Treatment Works TygerBurger

Potsdam wastewater works upgrade breaks ground Engineering News

Reviving the Milnerton Lagoon: Cape Town’s Plan to Restore a Natural Resource Cape Town Today

Milnerton Lagoon Update: Cape Town takes bold steps toward restoration Politely

City of Cape Town finally launches project to restore heavily polluted Milnerton Lagoon environment Daily Maverick

Glorious morning along the Diep River, Woodbridge Island Vernon Chalmers Photography

Beaches cleaned: Cross-country campaign to end soon TygerBurger

Coast to Coast beach clean-up kicks off in Milnerton TygerBurger

R1,2bn for Upgrades: City of Cape Town’s budget caters for better beach facilities and vleis TygerBurger

Restoring the ecological health of Cape Town’s waterways – one vlei at a time (Potsdam WWTW). Urban Water Management The Water Wheel PDF Download

Lack of clean-up crews cited for increased piles of waste washing ashore popular Cape Town beaches TygerBurger

Piles of waste wash out on Cape beaches after recent rains IOL

Astron spill causes havoc: Birds and other wildlife affected (towards Woodbridge Island) News 24

Lagoon progress ‘slow’: City of Cape Town engage with public at stakeholders meeting News24

Residents raise alarm on health risks of Milnerton environment IOL

City Of Cape Town Accused Of Reporting False Pollution Levels at Milnerton Lagoon EWN

Milnerton Lagoon Update: Steady progress on Potsdam underway DA Western Cape

Milnerton / Table View : Path cleared for sewage plant upgrade Tabletalk

Milnerton Lagoon stench: City makes progress as tender appeals dismissed News24

National Government mulls action against City over Milnerton Lagoon pollution IOL

Milnerton Lagoon still closed as more tests detect high levels of e.Coli News24

Restoring wetlands critical for biodiversity and sustainable development News24

Cape Town’s beaches are dirtier than they seem GroundUp

City of Cape Town lambasted for load shedding blame game IOL

Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Woodbridge Island
Never seen a Flamingo not in the water here. Wonder Why? Vernon Chalmers Copyright  

2022 Sewage / Pollution Situation : Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island

2022 Water Market Intelligence Report PDF Download GreenCape

Diep River Estuarine Management Plan 2022 City of Cape Town Environmental Management,Coastal Management PDF Download 

Festive bathers poo-poo Cape Town's Lagoon Beach sewage warnings News24

Understanding the social in a social-ecological system: A perceptions study on the Diep River estuary, Cape Town - Carly Wise. A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree: Master of Philosophy in Environment, Society and Sustainability Faculty of Science University of Cape Town PDF Download Open UCT

Milnerton Lagoon Update: Provincial Directives to City on Milnerton Lagoon turning the tide against pollution Democratic Alliance

City of Cape Town warns of further sewage spills due to lengthy power cuts MG


Drinking water boost in pipeline R2,3 billion investment to prioritise water security CoCI

Cape Town - The situation at the Milnerton Lagoon has worsened again. 
IOL

City outlines plans to restore Milnerton Lagoon Tabletalk

Interventions to help tackle pollution at Milnerton Lagoon Smile FM

Remedial work at Potsdam ‘ongoing’ as interventions aim to address lagoon's stench News24

Milnerton Lagoon stench: City plans R5bn Upgrade To Wastewater Treatment Plant News24

DA calls on residents to send submissions for Milnerton Lagoon Remediation plan IOL

Mayor Geordin Hill-Lewis says restoring health of Milnerton Lagoon is not optional IOL

People living around Milnerton Lagoon bemoan slow action to clean up sewage MG

Milnerton / Woodbridge Island residents still waiting for foul wastewater stench solution IOL

Rethinking the stink: Strategies suggested to fix ‘disaster’ at Milnerton Lagoon News24

Sewage pollution blamed for fish die-off at the Milnerton Lagoon Cape Town Etc

Fish die-off in polluted Milnerton lagoon GroundUp

Stink over Milnerton Lagoon funding IOL

City of Cape Town lambasted over Milnerton Lagoon stink and ecosystem collapse IOL

Draft estuary plan, a step in the right direction for Milnerton Lagoon pollution DA

Rising Milnerton stench is hitting residents hard News24

The big stink about Milnerton Lagoon CapeTalk

Smell from Potsdam leaves residents gasping Online Tenders

Milnerton residents ‘sick’ of lagoon stench IOL

Milnerton Lagoon suffers yet another sewage spill IOL

Frequent discharge of 'poorly treated effluent' into Milnerton Lagoon, Diep River a concern IOL 

Locals suspect fish-die off linked to Milnerton Lagoon's 'highly polluted water' CapeTalk

Dead fish investigated (Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island) TygerBurger

Sewage spills blamed for fish die-off at Milnerton Lagoon Daily Maverick

City of Cape Town probes cause of fish die-off in Milnerton Lagoon News24 

Drought, Water Management, and Social Equity: Analysing Cape Town, South Africa's Water Crisis Frontiers in Water

The impact of informal settlement on water quality of Diep River in Dunoon Springer Link 

Fresh Water Effective Wastewater Management
Fresh Water Effective Wastewater Management : Free Image Pixabay

2021 (and earlier) Sewage / Pollution Situation : Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island

Toxic sewage spill causes a stink at Milnerton lagoon / Woodbridge Island IOL

Call for urgent investigation into Milnerton Lagoon 'sewage spill' IOL

City of Cape Town falling short of directive to clean up Milnerton Lagoon Ground Up

Polluted Milnerton lagoon “particularly disgusting” Ground Up

Enough is enough on Milnerton pollution OUTA

Contaminated Joe Slovo stormwater continues to pour into Milnerton Lagoon CapeTalk

OUTA: ‘City is responsible for sewage polluting Milnerton lagoon’ Infrastructure News

City of Cape Town pollutes its own nature reserve, monthly water tests reveal News24

We won't take this sh!t anymore, says Milnerton Magster 

Green Scorpions order City of Cape Town to sort out pollution in Milnerton Lagoon CBN

‘Clean the Lagoon now’ Milnerton Central Residents Association (MCRA) Network24

Impact of informal settlement on the water quality of Diep River in Dunoon - Gqomfa, Babalwa
Thesis (Master of Environmental Management) Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2020 PDF Download CPUT
Something rotten in Table View (2019) Tabletalk

Water governance and justice in Cape Town: An overview (2019) WIRE's WATER

Long-Term Physical, Chemical and Biological Changes in a Small, Urban Estuary: M Viskich, CL Griffiths, C Erasmus & S Lamberth 2016 African Journal of Marine Science PDF Document Download

Milnerton Lagoon 'a shadow of former self' IOL

Long-Term Changes in a Small, Urban Estuary - Michal Viskich
 Research project submitted for the degree of BSc (Hons), Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town (2014) PDF Download Open UCT

Institutional arrangements for the use of treated effluent in irrigation, Western Cape, South Africa 
(2014) Taylor and Francis Online

Power Outages and their Impact on South Africa’s Water and Wastewater Sectors (David Winter 2011) Water Research Commission

Metal contamination of soils collected from four different sites along the lower Diep River, Cape Town, South Africa Ayeni, O. O., Ndakidemi, P. A., Snyman, R. G. and Odendaal, J. P. (2010) Faculty of Applied Sciences, Cape Peninsula University of Technology ResearchGate

Cape Town Nature Reserves A Network of Amazing Biodiversity (and Challenges) PDF Download City of Cape Town

Milnerton Beach off Woodbridge Island  - Forum discussion (2008) Sealine

Rietvlei Under Stress (2007) Friends of Rietvlei Newsletter

Sewage Plant to Investigate Milnerton Lagoon Pong (2004)  Cape Argus

Water Resources Management Plan in the Diep River Catchment: A Situation Assessment PDF Download Regional Office, Western Cape of Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF)

Water Resources Management Plan in the Diep River Catchment: A Situation Assessment (2002) 
"This document gives a description of situation assessment on water resource quality of the Diep River Catchment. The study originated from a request by the Regional Office, Western Cape of Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF), to the Institute of Water Quality Studies (IWQS) in 1997.

The main objective of this report is to provide a situational assessment of the water quality, quantity and the aquatic ecosystem health of the surface, ground and coastal waters of the Diep River Catchment. This study is aimed not only at the Western Cape regional office, but it can be used for a wide readership by the catchment management agencies in the area, interested parties (e.g. salinasation issues in the Western Cape) and decision makers, as an input into catchment management plan for example."

PDF Source: Water Resources Management Plan in the Diep River Catchment: A Situation Assessment : N/G210/REQ/1200 Department of Water and Sanitation Republic of South Africa Report

The possible impacts of sea-level rise on the Diep River/Rietvlei system, Cape Town Department of Oceanography, University of Cape Town / CSIR Stellenbosch (1993) PDF Download CSIR ResearchSpace

Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Woodbridge Island
Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Copyright Vernon Chalmers


Reasons for River Water Sewage Pollution Conditions

"River water sewage pollution can occur due to various reasons, including:

  • Urbanization: Rapid urbanization often leads to increased sewage discharge into rivers. As cities grow, the sewage infrastructure may not be able to keep pace with the population growth, resulting in untreated or partially treated sewage being released into rivers.

  • Lack of Infrastructure: Inadequate sewage treatment infrastructure, particularly in developing countries, can contribute to river water pollution. Without proper treatment facilities, sewage is often directly discharged into rivers.

  • Industrial Discharges: Industries may release untreated or inadequately treated wastewater into rivers, containing pollutants such as heavy metals, chemicals, and organic compounds. This industrial discharge can severely degrade water quality and harm aquatic ecosystems.

  • Agricultural Runoff: Agricultural activities contribute to river pollution through the runoff of fertilizers, pesticides, and animal waste. These pollutants can enter waterways during rainfall events, leading to nutrient enrichment, algal blooms, and oxygen depletion.

  • Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs): In some urban areas, stormwater and sewage are carried in the same pipes. During heavy rainfall or snowmelt, these combined sewer systems can become overwhelmed, leading to the discharge of untreated sewage directly into rivers and streams.

  • Illegal Dumping: Illegal dumping of waste, including sewage, directly into rivers can occur due to inadequate enforcement of environmental regulations or lack of awareness about proper waste disposal methods.

  • Leaking Sewage Infrastructure: Aging or poorly maintained sewage infrastructure can result in leaks or breaks, allowing raw sewage to seep into the surrounding soil and eventually enter nearby water bodies.

  • Population Growth: Increasing population puts pressure on existing sewage systems, leading to higher volumes of wastewater being discharged into rivers without adequate treatment.

  • Lack of Awareness and Education: Limited awareness among the public about the importance of proper sewage disposal and the consequences of water pollution can also contribute to the problem. Education campaigns and community outreach are essential for promoting responsible environmental behavior.

Addressing river water sewage pollution requires a combination of infrastructure improvements, regulatory measures, public awareness campaigns, and sustainable agricultural and industrial practices." (Source: ChatGPT 2024)

Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Woodbridge Island
Water Thick-Knee over Cleaner Water, Diep River (2017) Copyright Vernon Chalmers

Effect of Pollution on Bird Species

"Pollution can have profound and often detrimental effects on bird species and their habitats. Here are some specific ways pollution can impact birds:

  • Direct Toxicity: Birds may ingest or absorb pollutants directly from contaminated food, water, or air. Substances like heavy metals, pesticides, industrial chemicals, and oil can poison birds, leading to sickness, reproductive failure, or death.

  • Bioaccumulation: Some pollutants accumulate in the environment and food chain, becoming more concentrated as they move up the food chain. Birds may consume contaminated prey or plants, leading to the accumulation of toxins in their bodies over time. This can lead to chronic health problems and reproductive issues.

  • Habitat Degradation: Pollution can degrade habitats critical for birds' survival, such as wetlands, forests, and coastal areas. For example, water pollution from agricultural runoff or industrial discharge can contaminate wetland ecosystems, reducing food availability and nesting sites for waterfowl and shorebirds.

  • Reproductive Impacts: Certain pollutants can interfere with birds' reproductive success. For instance, pesticides like DDT have been linked to thinning eggshells in birds like eagles and falcons, leading to decreased hatching success and population declines.

  • Disruption of Migration: Pollution can disrupt birds' migratory routes and stopover sites. Light pollution from urban areas can disorient migratory birds, causing them to collide with buildings or become exhausted. Chemical pollutants can also affect birds' navigational abilities or reduce the availability of suitable stopover habitats.

  • Altered Food Web Dynamics: Pollution can disrupt food webs, affecting the availability of prey species for birds. For example, pesticides can reduce insect populations, which are important food sources for many bird species, leading to declines in bird populations that rely on insects for food.

  • Oil Spills: Oil spills pose a significant threat to seabirds, coating their feathers and impairing their ability to fly, regulate body temperature, and find food. Oil contamination can also lead to poisoning if birds ingest oil while preening.

These impacts can result in population declines, habitat loss, and ecosystem disruption, ultimately threatening the survival of bird species. Efforts to mitigate pollution and its effects on birds include regulatory measures, habitat restoration, pollution cleanup efforts, and public education campaigns to promote environmental stewardship." (Source: ChatGPT 2024)

Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Woodbridge Island
Pied Kingfisher Fishing in Cleaner Water, Diep River (2016) Copyright Vernon Chalmers

Effective Wastewater Management

Effective wastewater management is crucial for environmental sustainability and public health. Here are some key aspects to consider:

  • Treatment Processes: Implementing efficient treatment processes is essential to remove contaminants from wastewater before it is released back into the environment. This may include physical, chemical, and biological treatment methods to remove solids, pathogens, and pollutants.

  • Infrastructure Development: Building and maintaining adequate infrastructure for collecting, treating, and disposing of wastewater is vital. This includes sewer systems, treatment plants, and facilities for sludge management.

  • Reuse and Recycling: Promoting the reuse and recycling of treated wastewater can help conserve water resources and reduce the strain on freshwater sources. Treated wastewater can be used for irrigation, industrial processes, and even indirect potable reuse with proper treatment.

  • Regulatory Frameworks: Establishing and enforcing regulations related to wastewater management is important to ensure compliance and protect the environment and public health. Regulations may cover discharge standards, monitoring requirements, and penalties for non-compliance.

  • Public Awareness and Education: Educating the public about the importance of proper wastewater management, water conservation, and pollution prevention can encourage responsible behavior and support for wastewater infrastructure investments.

  • Technological Innovation: Investing in research and development of innovative technologies for wastewater treatment and resource recovery can lead to more efficient and sustainable wastewater management practices.

  • Collaboration and Partnerships: Collaboration between government agencies, industries, communities, and other stakeholders is essential for addressing complex wastewater management challenges. Partnerships can facilitate knowledge sharing, resource pooling, and coordinated action.

  • Monitoring and Assessment: Regular monitoring and assessment of water quality, treatment processes, and environmental impacts are necessary to identify issues, track progress, and make informed decisions for continuous improvement.

  • Climate Resilience: Considering the potential impacts of climate change on water availability and wastewater infrastructure is crucial for building resilience and adapting management strategies to changing conditions.

  • Financial Resources: Adequate funding and financing mechanisms are necessary to support the development, operation, and maintenance of wastewater infrastructure and services.

By addressing these aspects comprehensively, communities can achieve effective wastewater management that protects the environment, public health, and water resources for future generations. (Source: ChatGPT 2024)

Fresh Water Effective Wastewater Management
Fresh Water: Effective Wastewater Management - Free Image Pixabay

Recommendations for Effective Wastewater Management

"Source Control: Implement source control measures to minimize the generation of pollutants at their origin. This could involve industrial process modifications, use of eco-friendly products, and public awareness campaigns to reduce the discharge of harmful substances into the wastewater stream.

  • Investment in Infrastructure: Continuously invest in the development, maintenance, and upgrade of wastewater treatment infrastructure, including sewage systems, treatment plants, and pumping stations. Ensure that these facilities are equipped to handle current and future wastewater volumes effectively.

  • Treatment Optimization: Utilize advanced treatment technologies and optimization strategies to enhance the efficiency of wastewater treatment processes. This may include the use of biological treatment methods, chemical coagulation, filtration, and disinfection to remove contaminants from wastewater to acceptable levels before discharge.

  • Decentralized Treatment Systems: Implement decentralized wastewater treatment systems in areas where centralized infrastructure is not feasible or cost-effective. These systems, such as constructed wetlands, septic tanks, and decentralized treatment plants, can help treat wastewater at or near the point of generation.

  • Reuse and Resource Recovery: Promote the reuse of treated wastewater for beneficial purposes such as irrigation, industrial processes, and groundwater recharge. Additionally, explore opportunities for resource recovery from wastewater, including the extraction of energy, nutrients, and valuable materials like phosphorus and metals.

  • Green Infrastructure: Integrate green infrastructure solutions, such as rain gardens, permeable pavements, and vegetated swales, into urban planning and development to manage stormwater runoff and reduce the burden on wastewater treatment systems.

  • Monitoring and Surveillance: Establish comprehensive monitoring and surveillance programs to assess the quality of wastewater, track pollutant loads, and identify emerging contaminants. This data can inform decision-making processes and facilitate timely interventions to address water quality issues.

  • Public Education and Participation: Engage with the public through education campaigns, workshops, and community outreach initiatives to raise awareness about the importance of proper wastewater management, water conservation practices, and pollution prevention measures.

  • Policy and Regulation: Enact and enforce stringent regulations, standards, and permitting requirements for wastewater discharge to protect water resources and public health. Regularly review and update regulatory frameworks to keep pace with technological advancements and emerging contaminants.

  • Collaboration and Partnerships: Foster collaboration among government agencies, water utilities, industry stakeholders, academia, and non-profit organizations to leverage expertise, resources, and innovative solutions for sustainable wastewater management.

By adopting a holistic approach that integrates technological, regulatory, educational, and community-based strategies, communities can effectively manage wastewater while safeguarding human health and the environment." (Source: ChatGPT 2024)

Sewage Problems at Milnerton Lagoon, Woodbridge Island
Sewage Problems Milnerton Lagoon, Woodbridge Island Copyright Vernon Chalmers

Community Needs for Effective Wastewater Management

Effective wastewater management is crucial for maintaining public health, protecting the environment, and ensuring sustainable development. Here are some key community needs for effective wastewater management:

  • Infrastructure: Communities need well-designed and properly maintained wastewater treatment facilities. This includes sewage treatment plants, collection systems (sewers), and drainage systems.

  • Education and Awareness: Community members need to understand the importance of proper wastewater management and their role in it. Educational programs can teach residents about the impacts of wastewater on public health and the environment, as well as proper disposal practices.

  • Regulation and Enforcement: Strong regulations and enforcement mechanisms are necessary to ensure that industries and individuals comply with wastewater treatment standards. This includes monitoring wastewater discharges and enforcing penalties for non-compliance.

  • Investment: Adequate funding is essential for building and maintaining wastewater infrastructure. Governments, businesses, and international organizations may need to invest in wastewater treatment facilities, especially in developing countries where infrastructure is lacking.

  • Technological Innovation: Research and development are needed to improve wastewater treatment technologies, making them more efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly.

  • Community Engagement: Communities should be actively involved in the decision-making process regarding wastewater management. This can include public consultations, citizen science initiatives, and community-based monitoring programs.

  • Resource Recovery: Wastewater contains valuable resources such as nutrients, energy, and water. Communities can benefit from recovering and reusing these resources through techniques like nutrient recovery, biogas production, and water recycling.

  • Climate Resilience: Wastewater management systems need to be resilient to climate change impacts such as increased rainfall, flooding, and sea-level rise. This may involve upgrading infrastructure, implementing green infrastructure solutions, and improving disaster preparedness.

  • Cross-Sector Collaboration: Effective wastewater management requires collaboration across different sectors including government agencies, private companies, NGOs, and academic institutions. Partnerships can facilitate knowledge sharing, resource pooling, and joint problem-solving.

  • Equity and Social Justice: Wastewater management should be equitable and inclusive, ensuring that all members of the community have access to safe and affordable sanitation services. This may involve addressing issues of affordability, accessibility, and social discrimination.

By addressing these community needs, policymakers, planners, and stakeholders can work together to implement effective wastewater management strategies that protect public health, safeguard the environment, and promote sustainable development." (Source: ChatGPT 2024)

Poor Water / Sewage Management Table Bay Nature Reserve Woodbridge Island
African Darter over Clean Water, Diep River (2018) Copyright Vernon Chalmers

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