01 May 2020

Canal Walk Century City with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Lens

Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens Canal Walk Century City Canal Walk Century City Cape Town
Interior Sample Images: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens

Objective: Demonstrating application of the relatively new and inexpensive Canon EF-S 10-18mm f4.5-5.6 IS STM Ultra-Wide zoom lens mainly in an interior mall environment to assess Image Stabilization / Image Quality in Av Mode f/8.0 and Auto ISO (paired with Canon EOS 700D / Rebel T5i DSLR camera body).

Location
Canal Walk Century City Milnerton Cape Town

Equipment (Landscape Photography)
  • Canon EOS 700D SLR camera body
  • Canon EF-S 10-18mm f/4.5-5.6 IS STM lens

Av Mode - Aperture Priority Settings
  • Aperture: f/8
  • Auto ISO 100 - 320
  • Shutter speed: various (up to 30 seconds)
  • Image Stabilization
  • Auto focus (lens)
  • Zero post-processing

(Click to Enlarge)
Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens Canal Walk Century City Canal Walk Century City Cape Town
Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens


Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens Canal Walk Century City Canal Walk Century City Cape Town
Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens


Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens Canal Walk Century City Canal Walk Century City Cape Town
Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens


Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens


Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens Canal Walk Century City Canal Walk Century City Cape Town
Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens


Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens Canal Walk Century City Canal Walk Century City Cape Town
Interior Sample Image: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens

Table Mountain Views From Woodbridge Island, Cape Town 
View

Milnerton Beach Sunset Views Woodbridge Island, Cape Town View

First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens

First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Sample Images: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens (2014)
Objective: Demonstrating application of the new Canon EF-S 10-18mm f4.5-5.6 IS STM Ultra-Wide zoom lens paired with the Canon EOS 700D / Rebel T5i DSLR camera body.

Note: Long exposures on Manfrotto Compact tripod. Hand-held photos used with Hoya Polarizing (CPL) filter. All photos in Av mode (Aperture Priority). No post-processing - just crops where applicable.

Location:
Lagoon beach Milnerton and Arnhem Milnerton Cape Town

Equipment (Landscape Photography)
  • Canon EOS 700D SLR camera body 
  • Canon EF-S 10-18mm f/4.5-5.6 IS STM lens 
  • Hoya 67mm PRO1 DMC Polarizing Filter 
  • Manfrotto Compact tripod 

Av Mode - Aperture Priority Settings
  • Aperture: f/10- f/18 
  • ISO 100 
  • Shutter speed: various (up to 30 seconds) 
  • Image Stabilization 
  • Auto focus (lens) 
  • Zero post-processing (just crops) 

(Click to enlarge / slide show)
First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens : Table Mountain / Milnerton Beach

First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens : Table Mountain / Milnerton Beach

First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens : Lagoon Beach Milnerton

First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens : Woodbridge Island / Milnerton

First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens : Woodbridge Island / Milneron

First photos with Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens
Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Zoom Lens  :  Arnhem / Milnerton

Architecture :  Canal Walk Century City, Cape Town
Samples: Canon EF-S 10-18mm IS STM Ultra-Wide Lens

Different Focal Lengths : Woodbridge Island, Cape Town
Landscape and General : V&A Waterfront, Cape Town

Canon EOS 7D Mark II EOS iTR AF Testing

Birds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the EOS 7D Mark II
Birds in Flight Photography: Canon EOS 7D Mark II EOS iTR AF
As with all new Canon EOS Full Frame bodies - EOS 5D Mark IV / EOS 5DS(r) / EOS-1D X (II) - the Canon EOS 7D Mark II is equip with EOS iTR AF (Intelligent Tracking and Recognition Auto Focus) enabling the camera for potentially focusing faster on moving subjects when in AI Servo mode shooting moving subjects.

This 
EOS iTR AF function is supported by the detection capability of the RGB+IR metering sensor, which is working seamlessly with EOS iTR AF for allowing continuous tracking in AI Servo shooting mode.

According to Canon, EOS iTR AF should be enabled when photographing either a moving person (for face tracking) or moving subjects with a strong colour. Colour and face tracking provides a faster, more accurate focusing system.


The EOS 7D Mark II user manual (Setting the AF and Drive Modes: page 128) states that the camera will take longer to focus when EOS iTR AF is enabled in AI Servo mode and that the camera's maximum frames per second (fps) shooting of 10 fps will be reduced to 9.5 fps.

EOS iTR AF is only supported in Zone, Larger Zone AF or the 65-Point automatic selection AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark II. The same Zones will be applicable in 
EOS iTR A-enabled the Full Frame EOS bodies (within the 61-Point AF systems).

Comparing face detection performance and AF against obstruction

Comparing face detection performance and AF against obstruction


Setting Up EOS iTR AF (On / Off)
EOS 7D Mark II Menu: AF Sub-Menu / Sub-Section 4: Auto AF pt sel:
 EOS iTR AF On / Off 

Objective: To determine any shooting / image property changes and / or enhancements with the EOS iTR AF function enabled during my birds in flight photography. I've been shooting with the EOS 7D Mark II / EF 400mm f/5.6L USM lens for about two years without EOS iTR AF enabled. Time and reason enough for judging any AF tracking differences and / or improvements.

Equipment (Birds In Flight Photography)

  • Canon EOS 7D Mark II DSLR camera body
  • Canon EF 400mm f/5.6L USM Lens
  • Lexar Professional 800x / 120MB/s 32GB CF Card
  • Sandisk Extreme Plus SDHC™ UHS-I Card 95MB/s 32 GB 

Exposure / Focus Settings

  • Manual Mode Settings / Lens AF On
  • Shutter speed: 1/5000s
  • Aperture: f/5.6
  • Focal length 400mm
  • Auto-ISO (ISO 640)
  • Continuous shooting mode (10 fps) / AI Servo
  • AI Servo / AF Mode Option (Wide Zone AF / Case 1)
  • Lens AF On / No IS / Handheld

Location / Conditions

I went out this morning (in excellent light and conditions) and spent about two hours shooting around Woodbridge Island, Cape Town - all the usual birds; geese, ducks, egrets and a few oystercatchers.

Birds in Flight
I'm adding two sets of 6 consecutive images here of two birds flying at pace, first an African Oystercather, which is at times difficult to track due to it black feathers (against the blue water) and then an Egyptian Goose flying towards me (tightly cropped in post-processing).

Initial AF Findings

I could sense no difference in any AF behaviour ito speed, locking on or tracking conditions irrespective of bird, speed and or background colour / textures.

The jury is still out how effective the EOS iTR AF function is for birds in flight. Of what I've experienced today I can honestly say that it made no real difference (when compared to similar shots with EOS iTR AF disabled). I will keep it enabled and to observe any changes over time ito different light conditions and perhaps smaller / bigger and different colour birds.


African Oystercatcher with EOS iTR AF (Click to enlarge / slide show)

Birds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark IIBirds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark II

Birds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark IIBirds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark II

Birds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark IIBirds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark II

Canon EOS Setup and Tips For Birds in Flight Photography

Egyptian Goose with EOS iTR AF (Click to enlarge / slide show)

Birds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark IIBirds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark II

Birds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark IIBirds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark II

Birds in Flight Photography: Testing EOS iTR AF on the Canon EOS 7D Mark II

Birds in Flight Cape Town Canon EOS 7D Mark II Image Gallery

Birds in Flight Photography Cape Town

Difference between Digital Noise and Background Blur

Difference between Digital Noise and Background Blur
Blur can really mean different things in digital photography, but should not to be confused with unwanted graininess or digital noise across a digitally created image. Unwanted noise generally occurs when:
  • shooting in low light, when a digital camera's ISO setting is too high
  • shooting within the digital zoom range of a compact camera 
  • over-cropping an image

Unwanted blur
Out-of-focus blurred area(s) in an image that came about via unintentional camera movement, unwanted subject movement and / or wrong shutter speed settings when photographing movement - something you don't really want.


Deliberate blur
This will appear in areas of the image when the photographer attempts to blur certain areas of a composition / image. With foreground in focus, but the background deliberately blurred depending on the Depth Of Field (DOF) - distance between nearest and farthest object(s) of the composition / framing requirements ie. when isolating a flower from its immediate surroundings.

Deep vs Shallow Depth-Of-Field (DOF)
With a deep DOF more of the entire image will be in focus and its more likely to be used in Landscape Photography with smaller apertures of ie. f/11 - f16. With shallow DOF specific area(s) of an image is deliberately out of focus and can be applied in a variety of genres (Wildlife / Sport / Macro / Portraits) where the photographer deliberately wants to separate the main subject from the background - for this effect, larger apertures will be applied ie. f/1.8 - 5.6. 


DOF Aperture Test: Canon EOS 6D / EF 50mm f/1.8 STM lens - view>>

DOF flower series demonstration with Canon EOS 700D / EF-S 55-250 IS II lens - view>>



The visual quality of [deliberate] blur is also referred to as Bokeh
Bokeh: visual quality of the blur...The visual quality of [deliberate] blur is also referred to as Bokeh - Japanese for the out-of-focus aesthetic quality of the deliberate out-of-focus (blurred) area. a Wide aperture of i.e. f/1.8 - f/5.6 or so will be used (depending on the lens / optical distance from subject) to create the required out-of-focus effect.

See attached images below: white rose bud, the yellow rose and red rose bud with sharp / in-focus foreground sharp and background deliberately blurred (using wide apertures of f/5.8 and f/5.6). 

Lens apertures
In DSLR photography different lenses are used to create / select different levels of DOF depending on the lens aperture range, optical length of the lens and distance from subject. Different lenses / aperture settings will be applied  for different type of photography genres requiring blur effects at various focal lengths ie. for close-up / macro, portraiture or wildlife photography.  a  DSLR camera system is not necessarily required for creating deliberate image blur, a compact camera with a wide aperture lens with some optical zoom will also work. 

The images below were captured with apertures of f5.6 Yellow Rose (Non-DSLR Canon PowerShot SX40 HS with its f/2.7 - 5.8 35x telephoto zoom lens) and  f/5.6 Red Rose Bud (EOS 700D / EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5 - 5.6 IS STM lens / EF-S 55-250mm f/4 - 5.6 IS II lens).


Canon EOS 6D / EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM lens / Extension Tue
Which Canon lenses?
Desired Bokeh-effects for close-up or macro flower photography can be achieved with a variety of lenses with wide apertures i.e. with fix aperture lenses such as Canon EF-S 60mm f/2.8 Macro USM or the EF 100mm f2.9 Macro USM prime lenses.

Any Canon DSLR camera body with either an EF or EF-S lens (or other compatible lenses) attached will generate deliberate background / selected blur, but the Bokeh quality will depend on the following factors:

  • Aperture settings (wider is better) 
  • Type of EF / EF-S lens (design and optical length) 
  • Depth of field of objects in the frame 
  • Distance to subject / lighting conditions 
  • Accessories used (extension tubes / close-up filters) 

Different lighting conditions
In all the images the objective was to keep the 'unwanted digital noise' across the frame as low as possible. For the "Yellow Rose' image, shot with Canon PowerShot SX40 HS, I used ISO 100 (in crisp early morning sun light) and the 'Red Rose Bud', shot with the Canon EOS 700D, I used ISO 400 with a Speedlite 430 EX II flash (in early morning overcast / raining conditions).

Canon EOS 6D / Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM lens
Photographers use blur for various shallow depth-of-field / artistic effects (image on the right - 'blue flower' and first image below - 'red mailbox' with Canon EOS 6D both at an aperture of f/2.8 with Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM lens. 

Last image 'bee on flower' was captured with Canon EOS 700D /  55-250mm IS II lens and Canon 500D close-up lens filter), Bee in focus, most of the flower blurred / out of focus, in a deliberate, aperture-controlled and planned way.

Optimal exposure settings
Just to come back to noise - you may have noticed that many of my own photos are not always shot in good lighting conditions. Most of my low light / long exposure DSLR photography shoots are done in Av mode, ISO 100 and apertures between f/16 - f/22 generating automatic shutter speeds of between 1 and 30 seconds.


I often use the camera's Manual shooting mode with similar aperture settings and Bulb Mode - the ability to have manual time control over shutter speeds during every single shot. A time to use this mode is when shooting fireworks. These exposure combinations together with the use of a tripod and RC-6 remote shutter release, almost entirely limits all unwanted  noise / graininess and unwanted blur. © Vernon Chalmers

(click to enlarge)
Difference between Digital Noise and Background Blur
Canon EOS 6D / EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens flash


Difference between Digital Noise and Background Blur
Canon EOS 700D   ISO 100  f/5.6  No Flash


Difference between 'digital noise' and subject / background blur
Canon PowerShot SX40 HS   ISO 100  f/5.8 


Canon EOS 700D ISO 400  f/5.6  Flash  Photo: © Vernon Chalmers
Canon EOS 700D   ISO 400  f/5.6  Flash 


Difference between Digital Noise and Background Blur
Canon EOS 700D   ISO 100  f/5.6  No Flash 


More Depth Of Field (DOF) Examples: DSLR / Non-DSLR / More Bee On Flower with Close-Up Filter

Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D

Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens
Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D Full Frame DSLR
Capturing Birds in Flight with a basic Autofocus (AF) System and the reasonably slow frame rate of the Canon EOS 6D Full Frame body and EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM zoom lens.

Generally,  when I capture Birds in Flight at Woodbridge Island Cape Town, I prefer the extra fps and reach of a faster APS-C (crop) body paired with a 400mm prime lens.


This morning I took the Canon EOS 6D (4,5 fps) and the Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens while everybody around me captured birds in flight with the Canon EOS-1D X / Canon EOS 7D Mark II and the Canon EOS 70D - all of which have superior frames per second (fps) continuous shooting rate and superior AF systems compared to the humble Canon EOS 6D with its basic 11-Point AF system.

Location: Woodbridge Island, Cape Town

FPS (Frames Per Second Rate in continuous shooting mode) of the EOS bodies mentioned:

  • Canon EOS-1D X  14 fps
  • Canon EOS 7D Mark II 10 fps
  • Canon EOS 70D 7 fps
  • Canon EOS 6D 4.5 fps

Autofocus
(AF) Points of EOS bodies mentioned

  • Canon EOS-1D X 61 AF Points
  • Canon EOS 7D Mark II 65 AF Points
  • Canon EOS 70D 19 AF Points
  • Canon EOS 6D 11 AF Points

These 4 consecutive images of the Pied Kingfisher are substantial crops, but the point is that Birds in Flight photography is possible without the most advanced fps / AF systems and / or fast(er) prime lenses.

Canon Equipment Used
  • Canon EOS 6D
  • Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens
  • Manual Mode:  Auto ISO @ 300mm focal length

(Click to Enlarge)
Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens
Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens 

Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens
Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens 

Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens
Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens 

Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens
Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D /  EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens

Birds in Flight Photography with Canon EOS 6D / EF 400mm f/5.6L USM Lens - View

Canon EOS 7D Mark II - Birds in Flight Photo Gallery 
View

Birds in Flight Photography Cape Town View

Private Photography Training / Tutoring Milnerton

Private Photography Training / Tutoring Cape Town
Vernon Chalmers Canon Camera Photography Training / Tutoring

Vernon Chalmers presents Canon EOS DSLR camera / photography workshops in Milnerton Cape Town / Woodbridge Island.

Available Workshops / Private Tutoring (on request)

  • Birds In Flight Photography 
  • Close-Up / Macro Photography 
  • Canon EOS Autofocus Systems (APS-C Bodies) 
  • Canon Speedlite / Ring Lite Flash
  • Introduction to Canon EOS DSLR Cameras 
  • Introduction / Advanced Canon EOS 6D (Full Frame) 
  • Introduction / Advanced Canon EOS 7D / EOS 7D Mark II 
  • Introduction / Advanced Canon EOS 70D / EOS 80D
  • Introduction to Canon EOS bodies / EF lenses 
  • Introduction to Photography / Exposure Triangle 
  • Introduction / Using Canon Speedlite Flash
  • Landscape / Long Exposure / Night Photography
  • Social Media / Image Management / SEO Workshops
  • Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 5.7 / 6 Editing & Workflow

Vernon Chalmers Photography Cape Town Training / Tutoring Rates


Please Contact Me to discuss any specific Canon Camera / Photography learning requirements. I am available to travel to specific locations for one-day and longer workshops.

New Year 2016 Fireworks Celebrations - Over Woodbridge Island / V&A Waterfront Cape Town

New Year 2016 Fireworks Celebrations - Over Woodbridge Island / V&A Waterfront Cape Town
Long Exposure / Night Photography Cape Town - Canon EOS 6D (Copyright Vernon Chalmers)