30 September 2022

Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden Map | Directions

Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Cape Town Google Map & Directions

   

Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden Address
Rhodes Drive
Newlands
Cape Town
7735

Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, Cape Town | Sout Africa
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden is acclaimed as one of the great botanic gardens of the world. Few gardens can match the sheer grandeur of the setting of Kirstenbosch, against the eastern slopes of Cape Town’s Table Mountain. (Source: Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden Website)

Bird Life at Kirstenbosch   :  Southern Double-Collared Sunbird © Vernon Chalmers Photography
Bird Life at Kirstenbosch   :  Southern Double-Collared Sunbird © Vernon Chalmers Photography

Bird / Flower Photography Training Kirstenbosch  View

Vernon Chalmers 'Kirstenbosch Bird Species Index' View


Tremendous Thursday at Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden View

From Darkness into Light... Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden

Butterflies and Sunbird at Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden

Canon Photography Training Milnerton Woodbridge Island | Kirstenbosch Cape Town

01 September 2022

Mental Health and Motivation (In our daily lives)

Vernon Chalmers Mental Health and Motivation

When I am not involved in my own photography, Canon photography training or doing personal CFD portfolio management (and financial market research, my auxiliary focus is academic / social research in Mental Health and Motivation.

The Mental Health and Motivation research (website) project is now well beyond the premise of my own experiences and research interests. Since 2021 the website has developed into an international resource sharing platform for assisting academia, mental health service providers and interested individuals across the world - currently assisting visitors from more than 57 countries / 30 USA States - with various (personal / family / community) Mental Health and Motivation resources.

For the past two years I have concentrated on more than 70 research / resource areas (mainly in neurology, psychiatry and psychology) that I have found (imho) to have the most profound impact on our daily personal cognitive / emotional decision-making and how it affects our interaction with others (towards our own emotional wellbeing / relationships with others).

Mental Health and Motivation >> (Website Owner: Vernon Chalmers)

Mental Health Research / Resource Areas >>

Mental Health and Motivation Disclaimer >>

Administration / Research Development: Vernon Chalmers et al

Content / Research Contributors: Accredited International / Local Mental Health Providers (Approved Articles / Promotions)

Images: © Mental Health Providers / © Vernon Chalmers Photography / Open Source (Pixabay)

International Contextual Advertising: Google AdSense Approved

Website Hosting Provider: Google Domains

Vernon Chalmers : Mental Health  and Motivation Website 2022
 
Vernon Chalmers Mental Health and Motivation
Vernon Chalmers Mental Health and Motivation Website

Canon Camera / Lens Field Testing Service Cape Town

Canon Camera / Lens Testing Service Cape Town with Vernon Chalmers

Canon Camera / Lens Field Testing Service Cape Town
Canon Camera / Lens Testing Cape Town / Cape Peninsula

Canon EOS Camera / Lens Field Testing Service Cape Town for Enthusiast Photographers

R650-00 for up to three hours Field Testing

Canon EOS Camera Field Testing Service Cape Town

Testing and general settings, discussion / improvement and recommendations (one Canon EOS body and up to two lenses).

Field Testing Locations
Arnhem, Milnerton
Woodbridge Island
Google Map >>

Or

Kirstenbosch Garden (for Practical Photography Training as well )
Google Map >>

I receive a fair amount of questions from photographers that are not satisfied with Autofocus (AF) and sharpness / image quality of their Canon EOS body and specific lens pairings.

In many minds proper lens calibration is the the first (and at times the only) solution that most photographers think about after spending countless hours on their own in trying to fix this problem.

Calibration Options
Calibration can be done by the photographer via an in-camera Autofocus Micro Adjustment (AFMA) procedure (if the body is embedded with this function - only higher-end enthusiast / professional bodies will have this option). There are different calibration software options available than can be used for doing your own AFMA or you can go to i.e. ORMS who offers a lens calibration service of +- R2 500 (per lens). Please verify the exact cost with the an ORMS service department near you.

I understand this frustration many photographers experience and for many of  my photography clients I offer assistance in the form of Field Testing various body / lens pairings (as part of the specific camera . photography training they are doing).

Field Testing Objective
Field Testing is the identification of focus problems, possible sharpness and other image quality issues that may be the result of improper AF application and general exposure settings for a variety of genres / subjects during a practical photography application session. Field Testing is not a replacement for / alternative to lens calibration. Calibration may be an option after field testing if the recommended settings and adjustments does not meet expectations.

Canon EOS Camera Field Testing Service Cape Town
Field Testing Performance / Sharpness Standards

With more than 10 years of experience with many different Canon EOS / EOS R bodies and EF / RF lenses I have a good understanding what the AF and sharpness standards of these body / lens pairings should be.

Personally, I have never required the need for any lens calibrations (on any of my Canon EOS bodies / EF lenses) and it is very seldom that I recommend lens calibration of any kind - as most of the problems are solved with proper AF / exposure settings.

Instead of carrying out meticulous and time consuming lens testing (and possible tuning) with test charts I prefer Field Testing - where the camera / lens will ultimately be used. Evaluation of Field Testing via a thorough Adobe Lightroom image analysis should be substantial evidence for providing insight of AF performance and expected sharpness / or lack of sharpness.

In my opinion a thorough Field Testing session would be able to identify any possible calibration requirements (should there indeed be a definite AF / sharpness issues). Most of the time it is a combination of improper AF/ exposure settings and other in-camera settings. 

Field Testing Procedure
This is a walk around here at Woodbridge Island or Kirstenbosch Garden with the photographer and his / her lens pairing(s) concentrating on various subjects to replicate general conditions where different ISO's, Apertures and Shutter Speeds are applied in relations to various AF Mode settings. Field Testing results will depend on AF Mode selection, weather conditions and distance to subject. On return to my photography training studio after the Field Testing I will go through the images on Adobe Lightroom with the photographer for initial AF / sharpness result observation.

Field Testing Report
At the end of the Field Testing I prepare a report which will be discussed / sent to the photographer. In this report I will evaluate different images against my own benchmark expectation of what sharpness (and other criteria) should be. Further recommendations will be offered in terms of AF and exposure settings - and if I think calibration should be considered for improved sharpness (or other improvements).

Please Note: Field Testing is not an empirical analysis of a specific body / lens pairing, but rather the in-field analysis of sensing the handling of such a pairing against acceptable (and ideal exposure ito sharpness, AF performance and other user criteria / concerns).  

Contact Me for more information / scheduling an appointment


Canon EOS Camera Field Testing Service Cape Town
Canon EOS Camera Field Testing Service Cape Town

Canon Photography Training Milnerton Woodbridge Island | Kirstenbosch Cape Town.

Canon EOS 70D: Close Up / Macro Flower Photography - Cape Town

Vernon Chalmers Close Up / Macro Flower Photography

Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers

Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens 

Objective: Demonstrating application of the Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM lens with / without Canon Speedlite EX430 II Flash (paired with the Canon EOS 70D body).

Note: Photos are hand-held in Av mode with / without out flash. Some cropping / other post-processing in Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 6.


Cape Town Shooting Location
Arnhem Milnerton, Cape Town

Canon DSLR / Flash Equipment

  • Canon EOS 70D DSLR camera body 
  • Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 USM Macro lens 
  • Canon Speedlite 430EX II flash 

Av Mode - Aperture Priority Settings

  • Aperture f/4 -F/8
  • Auto-ISO 400-6400
  • Lens Autofocus on
  • Shutter speed: various (auto in Av mode)


(Macro / Close-Up Flowers with Flash - Click To Enlarge)

Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 400 f/8


Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 400 f/4


Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 400 f/8


Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 400 f/8

(Macro / Close-Up Flowers without Flash - Click To Enlarge)
Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 6400 f/4


Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 5000 f/2.8


Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 1600 f/2.8


Canon EOS 70D/ EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens -  Close-Up / Macro Flowers
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens ISO 6400 f/8

Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 USM Macro Lens - Red Pepper CapeTown
Canon EOS 70D / EF 100mm f/2.8 USM Macro Lens- Red Pepper Cape Town

Focus Stacking in Macro and close-Up Photography (Canon EOS 6D)

Adobe Lightroom Training Sessions Cape Town

Adobe Lightroom Training Milnerton, Cape Town and Across the Cape Peninsula
 
Adobe Lightroom Private Training Classes Milnerton,  Cape Town
Adobe Private Training Classes Cape Town / Across the Cape Peninsula 

Digital Workflow / Lightroom Post-Processing Training Sessions Milnerton, Cape Town

JPG / RAW Photography Image Editing 

Facilitator: Vernon Chalmers


Costing: R1 250 per two sessions Mon - Sat (up to 4+ hours per session) . R750 for one session (up to 4
= hours).

Contact Me for Saturday training arrangements.


Adobe Lightroom post-processing training could also be worked into any of my other photography training modules for a cost-effective longer term learning requirement (if required).

Free Online Support
Online support will be provided via email / WhatsApp messaging if / when required.

For DSLR, Mirrorless and Compact Camera Photographers (RAW and / or JPG Processing)

Digital Workflow / Lightroom Post-Processing training is recommended for DSLR and compact camera photographers who is keen to learn and understand the required digital workflow / post-processing techniques for taking their photography and image management to the next level.

Learn how to import into Lightroom via various input sources (hard drives / removal drives / USB Card Readers) and when done with image corrections / editing how to export and save on various output sources ((hard drives / removal drives).

Delegates are welcome to bring along notebook and desktop computers. For desktop system units I will provide keyboard / mouse / 24" Samsung LCD Screens (HDMI or VGA).

Personal Experience with Adobe Lightroom
I've been working with Adobe Lightroom since the release of Lightroom 5 and currently have Lightroom Classic CC 11 deployed on a Windows 10 workstation and notebook computer (for Canon EOS CR2 / CR3 RAW file editing). Although I do not work with Lightroom CC for personal editing, I have extensive hands-on experience with Lightroom CC on Android (and local / cloud-based requirements users may have). Anybody is welcome to contact me for Adobe Lightroom deployment / Lightroom catalog management and / or migration. 

Popular Lightroom Photography Genre Application
The most frequent / popular photography genres I apply for myself and in training sessions with delegates:
  • Birds in Flight / Action photography
  • Close-up, Macro and Food photography
  • Landscape and Long Exposure photography
  • Portraiture / Group photography
  • Wildlife photography

Lightroom Ongoing Support
Ongoing Lightroom support (via email) will be available after initial training for all delegates.

Show Focus Points: Adobe Lightroom Plugin
Delegates will be assisted with the optional integration of the very handy Lightroom Show Focus Points plugin integration. More here: Adobe Lightroom Show Focus Points

Lightroom Classic CC Post-Processing Learning Areas
  • Lightroom software download / installation (if required)
  • Lightroom Catalog Migration / Importing
  • Exporting Folders / Images to an external drive 
  • Image Previews vs Image Smart Ptreviews
  • Lightroom Performance Management / Recommendations
  • Digital Workflow Process / Requirements / Challenges
  • Overview of RAW Capturing / Post-Processing
  • File Storage / File Formats / Importing Images into Lightroom
  • Working with Lightroom Catalogs / Presets
  • RAW image management / development in Lightroom
  • Adobe Lightroom 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 Module Overview
  • Emphasis on the Library and Development Modules
  • File Management / Cropping / Exporting / Printing
  • Social Media Publishing

Typical Lightroom CC Application Training
  • Adobe Lightroom purchasing recommendations (if required)
  • Introduction / refinement of the digital workflow process 
  • Introduction to Lightroom Classic CC / CC
  • Managing catalogs and files
  • Import photos from a camera or card reader
  • Organize photos in Lightroom Classic
  • Lightroom Classic CC application workspace
  • Process and develop photos
  • Export photos / files

Photography Training Gift Vouchers
Adobe Lightroom training is available as a Birthday / Christmas Gift training voucher option with a one year validity period. It could also form part of general Canon camera training option as well. More information

Self Catering Accommodation Milnerton
Vernon Chalmers photography training is facilitated from a self-catering apartment in Arnhem, Milnerton (opposite Woodbridge Island) with an option for local and international photographers to overnight during the various training sessions. Optional accommodation will be calculated at reduced rates into the Photography Training Proposal / Invoicing. More Information

Contact me should you be interested in attending private Adobe Lightroom training / tutoring.

Lightroom Training Cape Town - Development Module View (Lightroom Classic CC V. 11)

Adobe Lightroom Training Sessions Cape Town
Adobe Lightroom Training Cape Town : Development Module View

Recommended Minimum Desktop Processing Requirements for Lightroom CC (Intel-Based Systems) 
  • Intel Core i5 to i7 CPU (Six Generation and higher) 
  • 16 to 32 GB DDR 3 or DDR 4 RAM Memory
  • Optional: 2 GB to 4 GB Graphics Processing Card (GPU)
  • 1 Terabyte (TB) Hard Disk Drive / Optional: 2 to 4 TB Removable Storage
  • Optional as Primary Hard Drive: 120 / 240 / 500 GB SSD Drive
  • Microsoft Windows 7 64 Bit / 8 / 8.1 / 10 / 11 (Home or Professional)
  • One to two 20 - 27" LCD Screens (Dell / LG / Samsung)

Canon Photography Private Training Courses Milnerton,  Cape Town
  • Introduction to Photography / Canon Cameras More 
  • Bird / Flower Photography Training Kirstenbosch More
  • Canon EOS Autofocus / AI Servo Training More
  • Birds in Flight / bird Photography Training More
  • Canon Speedlite / Ring Lite Flash Photography Workshop More
  • Macro / Close-Up Photography Workshop More
  • Landscape / Long Exposure Photography Sessions More

Introduction to the Photography Exposure Triangle

Learning Photography Exposure (For Application in Canon P / Av / Tv / M Modes) 

Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Canon EOS 70D / 300mm Lens ISO 100 f/13 1/125s

Learning Photography Exposure:  ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed

The objective of this article is to provide new photographers (irrespective of Canon EOS / EOS R / PowerShot camera) with an introduction to the Exposure Triangle and the inter-relationship between the three fundamental exposure elements:
  • ISO
  • Aperture 
  • Shutter Speed 

Camera / Lens EXIF Data
EXIF Data is the identification and listing of an information tag and its value (available for DSLR / Compact / Smartphone cameras after taking the photo) - generally found on your LCD screen viewing image detail or when downloaded in Google Picasa / Adobe Lightroom (and other camera / editing software). Read more>>


Introduction to the Exposure Triangle
Every photo taken with a DSLR / Compact / Smartphone camera will offer / use a variety of settings to expose an image as ideally as possible to the photographer’s vision and planning.

Exposure Triangle
Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed

Exposure Process
Exposure is a photographic process of light reflecting off a subject through the camera lens onto the camera's image sensor for a specific period of time. The relationship between ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed settings will determine the final exposure of light (for each image) captured by the camera's image sensor - and will represent a given Exposure Value (EV).

Relationship between ISO, Aperture and Shutter speed
In understanding ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed it’s important to note that all three are present in every photo you capture with your camera. The degree in which they are applied will depend on various camera and / or lens settings and lighting conditions. The main camera control over the inter-relationship between the three will be decided by the photographer in selecting the most appropriate shooting mode (in Auto Mode the camera will select the exposure settings, with limited other manual / photographic control).

Aperture demonstration for new photographers View

In most cameras today you will not find ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed settings on the main mode dial of the camera, but either as separate switchgear or tucked inside the menu system – to be used with other settings (when selecting your shooting mode (Auto / P / Av / Tv / M Mode).

Auto-ISO is also an option that many new and experienced photographers are using.


Photographic Genres and the Exposure Triangle
As we developed as photographers we learn how to properly set the exposure for different genres. With Birds in Flight (action) a fast enough shutter speed will be a priority, for a distant landscape the attention / focus will be on a smaller aperture / f/stop. In long exposure / night photography we would like to keep the ISO as low as possible to minimize noise, but may opt for a 30 seconds or longer expose (ito of shutter speed). At all times all three settings of the Exposure Triangle will be configured to assist the photographer with the type of exposure required.

Camera Shooting Modes
In Automatic Mode the camera will decide the exposure settings for the photographer, in the Semi-Automatic Modes (Av / Tv) the camera will decide at least one exposure setting and in Manual Mode the photographer could take full control of all three exposure settings - many photographers who prefer Manual Mode may leave the ISO on Automatic and only set the aperture and the shutter speed.

P Mode Canon PowerShot SX40 HS f/5.6 ISO 100
P Mode: Canon PowerShot SX40 HS f/5.6 ISO 100
All DSLR cameras and the more advanced compact cameras will have at least the following shooting modes in which the ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed exposure setting will be automatically / manually controlled by camera and / or the photographer:

Auto Mode
In Automatic Mode the camera will decide the best exposure and the photographer will have no control over any ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed settings. Best use: when new to photography and / or uncertain about setting in changing light conditions.

Program (P) Mode
In P mode the camera will control Aperture and Shutter Speed with the photographer full control over ISO settings. Best use: when new to photography, shooting in changing conditions, but have control over ISO settings. Program (P) Mode demonstration Canon PowerShot SX40 HS

Aperture Priority (Av) Mode
In Av mode the camera will control Shutter Speed with the photographer full control over Aperture and ISO settings.

Best use: when controlling aperture settings for Depth Of Field (DOF) application in ie. macro / landscape / portraiture / street photography. seascapes / Table Mountain photography Canon EOS 6DCanon EOS 700D DSLR


Shutter Priority (Tv) Mode
In Tv mode the camera will control Aperture with the photographer in full control of Shutter Speed and ISO settings.
Best use: when controlling shutter speed for subjects in motion or to freeze motion of birds, people and other objects. Motor Sport / Action photography 
Canon EOS 70D DSLR / Canon EOS 700D DSLR

Manual (M) Mode
In M mode the photographer will have full control over ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed settings.

Best use
: when the photographer requires full manual control over all three settings in specific environments in ie. studio, changing light or other challenging conditions. Birds In Flight photography Canon EOS 7D Mark II / Canon EOS 70D /  Canon EOS 70D DSLR 


Example Image: Inter-relationship of ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed

Image 1 : Canon EOS 7D Mark II  / 400mm lens Av Mode f/5.6

More of this Shoot  World of Birds Hout Bay Cape Town

S
hooting mode: Av (Aperture Priority) with the following EXIF data: 
  • ISO 640 – (Auto-ISO - controlled by Camera
  • f/5.6 - (aperture – controlled by photographer)
  • 1/90s - (shutter speed – controlled by camera)

Interpretation and interaction of these exposure EXIF data readings:


ISO

P Mode: EOS 700D / 10-18mm Lens IS0 800 f/4.5
ISO is the abbreviation for International Standards Organisation and an indicator of the sensitivity of light entering the lens onto the sensor. Its measured in values of ISO 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400 and 12 800. Most cameras will also have an option for Auto-ISO. More advanced / professional digital cameras could have and ISO of up to ISO 51200+ (ie. Canon EOS 1D X). Most cameras including compact cameras will give an ISO range of 100 – 6400+ which is suitable for most lighting conditions.

ISO 100 is generally the setting used for outside / bright light photography and will be set higher as outside natural light or internal artificial light deteriorates. Not uncommon to set ISO 400 for indoor lighting and up to ISO 1600 for outside / low light photography. These various ISO settings are available for the photographer to adjust
for low light photography – even to leave the camera on Auto-ISO (for changing daylight / overcast conditions). It is recommended to experiment with ISO 400 - 1600 for after dark / night photography. When doing long exposures (slow shutter speeds) it is recommended to use ISO 100 - 400. Higher ISO demonstration Canon EOS 700D DSLR

Recommended ISO settings:

  • ISO 100 or 200 for sunny and bright daylight 
  • ISO 400 ISO for cloudy days, or indoors 
  • ISO 800 for indoors (without a flash) 
  • ISO 1600+ for very low light situations 

Disadvantages of high ISO settings:

  • More noise visible in the image the higher the ISO value
  • Higher ISO’s affects slower shutter speeds (for possible camera shake if handheld)

Aperture
Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Image 2 - Av Mode: f/5.6 ISO 400 1/90s
Aperture is the size of the space in which light enters the lens / camera. It is measured in f/stops - a fractional formula used for allowing a certain amount of light in - ie. f/5.6 or f/11 which is controlled by the photographer via a variety of ways ie. manually daing it in Av or Manual mode on the camera body). In Auto or P mode (and Tv Mode) the camera will decide the aperture for you). Aperture is (also) used to control Depth Of Field DOF). DOF / close-up photography in Av mode Canon EOS 700D DSLR 

Aperture values

f/1.8  f/2.8  f/4  f5.6  f/8  f/16  f/19  f/22 f/32 (This is lens 
dependent on a DSLR camera system, but in most cameras the setting will be on camera body). 


Image 2 EXIF Data:Av Mode

ISO 400 (low light)

f/5.6 (wide aperture for shallow Depth-Of-Field)

Shutter Sped 1/90 seconds

Deep vs; Shallow Depth-Of-Field (DOF) 
With a deep DOF more of the entire image will be in focus and its more likely
to be used in Landscape Photography with smaller apertures of ie. f/11 – f/16.
With shallow DOF certain areas of an image is deliberately out of focus and be
used in a variety of genres (Wildlife / Sport / Macro / Portraits) where
the photographer deliberately wants to separate the main subject from the
background - for this effect, larger apertures will be applied ie. f/1.4 - f/8 (see below image)



Lens Apertures f/2 - f/22


Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed

Aperture Demo: Canon EOS 6D / EF 85mm f/1.8 USM Lens f/1.8 - f/22  View 

Lens apertures
In DSLR photography different lenses are used to create / select different
levels of DOF depending on the lens aperture range, optical length of the lens
and distance from subject. Different lenses / aperture settings will be applied
for different type of photography genres requiring blur effects at various
focal lengths ie. for close-up / macro, portraiture or wildlife photography. a
DSLR camera system is not necessarily required for creating deliberate image
blur, a compact camera with a wide aperture lens with some optical zoom will
also work to some extent.

See Aperture / DOF Demonstration 
Aperture / DOF Demo

Aperture is used to control the exposure of a deep or a shallow Depth Of field
(DOF) for a specific composition. A smaller f/number allows more light into the
camera via the lens ie. f/2.8-f/5.6 and will create a shallow DOF for a close-up
subject against a background (isolating a flower from its surroundings). See article Digital Noise vs Blur

Shutter Speed
Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Image 3: Canon EOS 7D Mark II  : 1/3200s Manual Mode
Shutter speed is the length of time the camera's shutter is open (and
closing) allowing light onto the sensor for a given time period. Shutter speed is always measured in time. Measured in fractions of a second ie.1/125 seconds, but can extend past 30 seconds up to hours. Most digital cameras will have a default range from 1/4000 – 30 seconds. But can be faster up to 1/8000 depending on the DSLR model.

Slow shutter speed
Refer to the article ‘Long Exposures / Night Photography Setup & Tips
(Using Av mode) 
long exposure demo for specific
examples to learn more about specific shutter speeds.

Fast shutter speed
To freeze motion photographers use fast shutter speeds to ie freeze the wings
of a bird in motion. See Image 3 
for the example
in which I captured the Bird In Flight (Image 3) at a shutter speed of 1/3200 seconds using Manual Mode: f/6.3  ISO 500 (Auto- ISO).

Suggested Shutter Speeds

To Capture Motion
  • Moving water / waterfalls 4+ seconds
  • Fireworks 4+ seconds
  • Moving car at night 8+ seconds
  • Night photography 1+ seconds

To Freeze Action
  • Birds in flight 1/1000+
    seconds
  • Moving water / waterfalls
    1/1000+ seconds
  • Cars / motorcycles 1/1000 seconds
  • Sporting event 1/500 –
    1/2000 seconds

Canon  EOS 700D / 100mm Lens f/11 ISO 200 1/125s
Conclusion
The ‘Exposure Triangle’ settings will be available before every photograph is captured. For the new photographer Auto-mode and / or semi-auto modes such as P / Av / Tv modes will provide assistance in getting the best exposure for a given shooting environment.

New photographers should be in no rush to ‘have to’ understand all exposure settings and shootings modes as soon as possible. Learning about them is important, but more important is getting comfortable with your camera, menu settings and your compositions.

Photography is a visually inspiring journey that if allowed, will not just develop camera / photographic skills or exploring different environments, but contribute to an overall mindfulness and satisfaction of great image capturing (and sharing).


Canon Camera Equipment Used (for example images)
  • Canon EOS 6D DSLR Camera body
  • Canon EOS 7D Mark II Camera body
  • Canon EOS 70D DSLR Camera body 
  • Canon EOS 700D DSLR Camera body 
  • Canon EF-S 10-18mm f/4.5-5.6 IS STM lens 
  • Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM lens 
  • Canon EF-S 55-250mm f/4-5.6 IS II lens 
  • Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM lens
  • Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS USM lens 
  • Canon EF 24-70mm f4L IS USM lens
  • Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM lens
  • Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM lens 
  • Canon EF 400mm f/5.6L USM Telephoto / Prime lens 
  • Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5 - 5.6L IS II USM Zoom lens
  • Canon Speedlite 430EX II external hotshoe flash 

Cape Town Shooting Locations
  • Birds in Flight: Woodbridge Island Cape Town
  • Fashion: Partners Hair Design Kenilworth Cape Town
  • Fireworks / Ferris Wheel: V&A Waterfront Cape Town
  • Flowers: Arnhem Milnerton Cape Town
  • Flowers Aurora Durbanville Cape Town
  • Motor Racing Killarney Cape Town
  • Perched Bird: Blouberg Strand Cape Town
  • Perched Bird: World of Birds Hout Bay Cape Town

All Text / Images / Partners Hair Model © Vernon Chalmers 2013 - 2017


(Click to Enlarge)
Canon EOS 70D / EF 85mm f/1.8 USM Lens f/4 ISO 1600


Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Canon EOS 6D / 70-300mm Lens Av Mode: ISO 320  f/10  1/320s


Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Canon EOS 70D / 400mm Lens Manual Mode: ISO 320  f/6.3  1/2000s


Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Canon EOS 6D / 24-70mm Lens Av Mode: ISO 100  f/16  15s


Fireworks Canon EOS 700D ISO 100  f/11 8s
Fireworks Canon EOS 700D ISO 100  f/11  8s


Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Canon  EOS 70D / 100mm Lens f/2.8 ISO 5000 1/110s



Introduction to the Exposure Triangle: ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed
Canon EOS 70D / EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Lens f/11 1/160s

Canon Long Exposure / Night Photography Setup & Tips View

Canon EOS R7 / EOS R10 Advanced User Guide Downloads

Canon EOS R7 / EOS R10 User Guide Downloads

Canon EOS R7 EOS R10 Advanced User Guide Downloads
Canon EOS R7 EOS R10 User Guide Downloads

The Canon EOS R7 and the Canon EOS R10 Advanced Instruction Manuals / User Guides are now available for download as PDF documents and / or for direct viewing online in HTML format.

Canon EOS R7 User Guide / Instruction Manual >>

Canon EOS R10 User Guide / Instruction Manual >>

Image Credit: Canon USA

Canon EOS R7 and Canon EOS R10 Launched

Vernon Chalmers Photography Training Map | Directions

Vernon Chalmers Photography Training Location (Opposite Woodbridge Island)

Woodbridge Island Milnerton Cape Town Google Map and Directions

Vernon Chalmers Photography Address
104 / 1204 Arnhem
6 Loxton Road
Milnerton, Cape Town

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Canon EOS Camera Training / Photography Workshops Cape Town, Cape Peninsula 
Please Contact Me for discussing specific Canon EOS Camera / Photography learning requirements. I am available to travel to specific locations for one-day and longer workshops.

Learn Canon Photography from the comfort of your own Home / Garden More Information

Bird / Flower Photography Training Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden Kirstenbosch Photography

For general workshop information view / visit Photography Workshops Cape Town


Sandwich Tern  :  Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island
Sandwich Tern  :  Milnerton Lagoon / Woodbridge Island

Canon Photography Training Milnerton Woodbridge Island | Kirstenbosch Cape Town

Free Canon Online Shooting and Exposure Practice

Canon Online Exposure Practice : Canon Camera Simulator Software

Canon Online Shooting Practice:  Exposure Learning Software Application

Exposure Learning Software Application

Take creative [manual] control of your Canon Camera
Canon offers an excellent and easy virtual way for DSLR and advanced compact camera owners to learn and understanding the manual exposure setting / process of digital photography.

Free Canon Shooting Simulation: Exposure practice for your DSLR / Compact camera
The Canon simulation software provides a practical and intuitive way to learn and apply the Exposure Triangle, different shooting modes (Manual / Shutter Priority / Aperture Priority) and to practice shots by changing the settings (and seeing the inter-relationship between ISO / Aperture / Shutter Speed). Visit the Canon website to practice Your Shots>>

Canon Photography Simulation:  Exposure Learning Software Application
Image: Canon
Canon Photography 101
Read and learn about digital camera exposure with specific learning reference to:
  • Understanding Exposure
  • Setting the mood
  • Selecting the focus
  • Setting the Exposure
  • Your shooting environment 

Canon Photography Tips

Official Canon photography Photography Tips and Tricks for the specific picture you want with reference about with specific tip / learning reference to:
  • Canon Priority Modes for controlling Shutter Speed / Aperture
  • Using Aperture Priority Mode
  • Using Shutter Priority Mode
  • Aperture / Shutter Speed combinations
  • Light and Exposure and Light

Canon Photo Challenge
Put your photography skills to the test and see if you could create a photo with good exposure, blur motion or blur the background. Take the Challenge>>


Canon Online Shooting Practice:  Free Exposure Learning Software Application
Canon Photo Challenge   Image Credit: Canon
A fun way of learning the process of digital photography from Canon.

Canon Image Source: www.canonoutsideofauto.ca

Canon Online Shooting Practice:  Free Exposure Learning Software Application
Canon Photo Challenge   Image Credit: Canon

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